A few days ago I saw a Tweet, that said something like, “I looked at OpenSim, but some guy said he would steal all my stuff. So, no thanks!”
In fact, that attitude comes up a lot on discussion boards and in other forums. There’s a perception that OpenSim is the Wild West. That the minute you step onto an OpenSim grid, someone is going to grab everything you own, and distribute it everywhere for free.
Can this happen?
It can — if you let them. It can happen in Second Life, too.
Here’s how to keep your stuff safe.
(If you don’t want to read all of this post, here’s the summary: Run your own grid — much more secure than Second Life. Get land on a closed commercial grid like InWorldz — as secure as Second Life. Get land on an open, public grid like OSGrid — less secure than Second Life.)
Keep it private and local
First of all — and this is as true in Second Life as in OpenSim — if nobody can see your stuff, then they can’t steal it. OpenSim actually offers some protections here that Second Life doesn’t have.
Don’t believe me?
Can your Second Life region be stored on your computer, disconnected from the Internet, so that not even the Lindens can access your content?
You can do that in OpenSim. Just download the standard version of OpenSim, the easier-to-use Diva Distro, or the easiest still Sim-on-a-Stick, and run OpenSim locally. You can even run it on a USB stick. Take it with you anywhere you like. Show off your builds in presentations, to friends, to just to your cat.
Want a little less privacy? Set up user accounts for your friends, plug your computer into the Internet — port forwarding required if you have a router — and make sure hypergrid access is turned off.
Now your friends can log into your little world and visit you. If your friends start looking shifty and suspicious, and you’re worried that they’re ripping you off, delete their user accounts. You’re the king, you can do what you want.
For even less privacy, turn hypergrid on, but set your security settings so that no content can leave your grid. That won’t stop copybotters — nothing can stop copybotters — but it will stop everyone else from taking stuff away.
For least privacy, turn hypergrid on and allow content to travel. Now people can come, visit, and take things home with them that you give them. You might want to give them freebie T-shirts with your face on them, for example. But if you’ve got your stuff locked down — set to “No copy,” and so on, then the copybotters can take it, but the law-abiding public can’t.
Use the built-in security tools
You know how, in Second Life, you can limit access to your land to just the people you trust? You can do the same thing in OpenSim. Right-click on your land, pick “About Land” and select the “Access” tab. Now you can ensure that only trusted friends visit your land.
For extra security, put your locked-down region far from other regions, so folks can’t use their cameras to peek in.
If your region is open to the public, and you don’t want them to take stuff, make sure all your objects are set to “no copy.” This won’t stop copybotters — but all they’ll be able to get are the textures and shapes, not the animations or scripts.
How about if you willingly give an item to someone?
Say, someone picks up that freebie shirt. If that someone is a user on your private grid, they can only do with it what the perms allow. If they’re a visitor from a foreign grid, and you allow them to take the shirt home, then they can do it with it whatever the foreign grid allows — and if they’re the owner of that foreign grid, they can allow themselves to do anything they want.
Think of this way — anything Linden Lab can do to objects in Second Life, a grid owner can do to the objects on their own grid in OpenSim.
Keeping things safe on other grids
What if you’re not running your own grid, but have a region on someone else’s grid. How safe is your stuff now?
That depends on the grid.
If you rent land on a closed, commercial grid like InWorldz, Avination, 3Rd Rock, or SpotOn3D, then your stuff is as safe as it is in Second Life. In other words, the grid owners can get to it, copybotters might be able to get to it, but otherwise you’re in charge. If you trust the owners of those grids, this is a good way to go if you have fancy content and you want to keep it safe. And you can always set your land to private.
If you attach a region to an open grid like OSGrid or NewWorldGrid or ScienceSim, and you allow folks to visit your region, and you allow them to take stuff, then they can take things anywhere they like and do whatever they want with them. Permissions are preserved — but again, if someone has their own grid, or runs their own region server, they can take your stuff there and go into the database and do whatever they want with the object.
So if you have friends — or enemies — who know their way around a MySQL database, or know how to give themselves “God powers,” you might want to keep those folks off your region entirely. Or, at the very least, not give them stuff, which would limit them to copybotting.
Of course, the owners of OSGrid or NewWorldGrid or ScienceSim or whatever grid you’re on can do whatever they want with your stuff as well. After all, they own the grid. So if you have a habit of annoying grid administrators to the point where they take your stuff away from you, you might want to reconsider having regions there.
Instead, run your own minigrid, turn on hypergrid teleports — but don’t allow anyone but trusted folks in — and teleport out to OSGrid to enjoy all the amenities like freebie stores and clubs. Now you’ve got the best of both worlds — your stuff is totally private, but you can still see other people’s stuff.
Now, say someone you don’t know on some grid you’ve never heard of offers you free or cheap land. You might think it’s a great deal — but think again! If that grid is based in China, the grid owner won’t give out his real name or contact information, and the grid’s name is “Hacker Haven” — you might want to think twice. They might steal your stuff. Just saying.
The perfect solution
But what if you want to sell stuff and not have anyone copy it — but want to have a home on a big public grid — and want your prime content totally 100 percent secure?
Here’s what you do:
Step One: Get a private grid. Use Sim-on-a-Stick to run it on your own computer for free, or pay a hosting company to set one up for you. Kitely is a great place for super-secure content creation — you can set the access on your regions to just you, and have as many regions as you want for 10 cents a month each (no, that’s not a typo) with 20 cents per hour for when you’re on them. You can keep all your stuff on as many regions as you want. And if you want someone to come visit, add them to the access list. Kitely makes it easy, with a Web-based administration panel that is the simplest I’ve seen anywhere. But most other hosting companies will set up a private grid for you as well, and allow you to manage your users.
Step Two: Get a store on a closed, commercial grid like InWorldz, Avination, SpotOn3D, 3Rd Rock or Second Life. Take the stuff you made on your private grid and upload it here for sale. The grid owners will keep it safe — well, as safe as content can be in a virtual world. If you like the grid, you can rent residential land here, as well.
Or you can go to —
Step Three: Get a residential region or parcel on the public grid where you want your home, and furnish it. There’s a lot of nice free stuff out there. Check out OpenSim Creations, Linda Kellie Designs, or one of the many freebie stores on OSGrid and other grids. Folks will be able to come and visit you as much as they like and if they copybot your stuff — well, what do you care? It was all freebies, anyway. You can also buy premium content in some shops, and on grids like Island Oasis and German Grid, where the merchants expect you to take your purchases to other grids. If someone steals that stuff, it’s the merchant’s problem, not yours — and the merchants have decided that they can live with the potential for theft in return for access to more customers. (Plus, they probably keep an eye on the freebie stores to make sure none of their stuff winds up in there.)
The benefits to having your residence on an open, public grid is that you can connect a home-based region for free or rent an entire region starting at less than $6 a month — a tenth the price of a typical region on a closed, commercial grid. (You pay extra for security, community, and support.)
What to do if your content is copied
If your content shows up in a freebie store, you should complain to — in that order — the store owner, the grid administrators, and the grid’s hosting company (check to see who owns their website).
Folks are usually very quick to take down infringing content — OpenSim merchants and grid owners typically operate on a shoestring, and can’t afford the legal costs of a content infringement lawsuit. There’s really no benefit in it to them to give away or sell pirated stuff. The rewards are ridiculously low (if any) and the risks are high. If the original creator registered their copyright, in the U.S. they can get statutory damages of up to $30,000 for each work infringed — up to $150,000 if infringement was deliberate! And even without a court case, the DMCA — and similar laws in most other countries — make it easy for the copyright holder to get ISPs and hosting companies to take down content, up to and including entire sites.
Most of the time, if content winds up in one of these stores, it was accidental — the content was passed from one person to another, until finally someone thought it was Creative Commons licensed, and donated it to the store. To make sure that this doesn’t happen, make sure that the license terms are clearly spelled out on the content itself — baked in the texture, for example — with a link back to your website. And if you do give away something as a freebie, make sure that it says that on the item, as well, so folks don’t start accidentally reporting innocent freebie stores for infringing on your content.
You don’t have to visit every freebie store in OpenSim every day. But do visit the big ones once in a while. If every content creator does this, pirates will quickly be relegated to out-of-the-way locations and dark corners — where if you can’t find them, your potential customers probably can’t find them, either.
If your content has been in the freebie store for a while, and a lot of people picked it up, you can ask the grid owners to remove it from their asset database. If they don’t comply — and you have proof that the content is yours — send me a note and I’ll follow up . And, of course, you can also blog about it, Tweet it, post it on Facebook, and complain to their ISP. But do be polite and not jump the gun — maybe they haven’t read your email yet, or are in the middle of a big database conversion and will get to your request right after they’re done. Or they might have a backlog of takedown requests they’re working through.
If you see your content outside a freebie store, on, say, a private sim, keep in mind the following:
- Chances are, the person with the content doesn’t know it’s infringing — they’re probably not the original hacker. The content may have been a gift from someone else, or was picked up in a freebie store before it was taken down.
- If you ask politely, the person will most probably apologize profusely and delete the content.
- Take a breath and remember that you’re not actually losing money here. Gucci and Chanel don’t lose money when someone shops at Salvation Army — that’s money they wouldn’t have gotten, anyway. People looking for freebies are not your target customers. But if you’re nice to them, they might become your customers when they have the cash. Just as folks move up from cheap knock-offs to the real thing when their income improves.
- You can’t lose your copyright as a result of theft. If you created the product, you own the rights until you formally transfer them. However, you can lose the trademark if it goes into common use — like aspirin or linoleum.